A – Adaptogens help the body’s immune system. Adaptogens include astragalus, echinacea, garlic, gingko biloba, ginseng, and yellowroot. An analgesic like aspirin or willow bark relieves pain. An antacid like mint and slippery elm balances stomach acids and helps stop heartburn. Antibacterial herbs like cloves and eucalyptus fight and destroy bacteria. An anti-coagulant like chamomile hinders blood clotting and increases blood flow in the arteries. An anti-spasmodic like peppermint reduces muscle spasms and tension. An anti-tussin like wild cherry reduces the coughing reflex.
C - Carminatives like catnip and fennel seed reduce flatulence and stomach discomfort. Cathartics like rhubarb act as strong laxatives. A cholagogue like yellowroot stimulates bile flow from the gallbladder.
D – Decongestants like eucalyptus and basil can relieve the upper respiratory tract. Demulcents form protective barriers over mucus membranes. Honey and syrup are demulcents that coat the throat. Herbs like corn silk and comfrey are demulcents that coat and soften internal membranes. Diaphoretics like elder flowers help cleanse the body of toxins by causing an increase rate of perspiration (sweating). Discutients are herbs like black walnut and garlic that help to dissolve tumors. Diuretics like alfalfa, corn silk, and juniper berries increase the flow of urine and can relieve water retention.
E – Emetics induce vomiting. A mild emetic is mustard seed. A strong emetic is ipecac. Emmenagogues like myrrh and angelica promote menstrual flow. An emollient softens and soothes the skin. Good vegetable oils like cold pressed olive and almond make excellent emollients. Expectorants like mullein and horehound help expel mucus from the lungs.
F - Febrifuges like white willow bark help reduce fevers.
I – Immunostimulants like barley and astragalus help the body to destroy organisms that cause disease. Insecticides like bayberry and pennyroyal kill insects.
L – Lithotriptic herbs like uva-ursi and corn silk help eliminate urinary stones.
N – Narcotics like opium and wild lettuce cause stupor and numbness. They may reduce pain or induce deep sleep. Nervines affect the nervous system in some way. Nervines like catnip and monrada relax the nerves. Nervines like coffee and ginseng stimulate the nerves.
O – Oxytocics like black cohosh and raspberry promote easy childbirth.
S- Sedatives help bring about feelings of calmness and tranquility. Natural sedatives include chamomile, passion flower, and valerian. Sialagogues like black pepper promote the flow of saliva. Stimulants help raise energy levels and help rid the body of toxins. Natural stimulants include ginger, ginseng, and milk thistle.
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